A keto diet, consisting primarily of foods such as meat, fish, eggs, heavy cream, butter, oil, and non-starchy vegetables such as peas, carrots, broccoli, and peppers, may be safe for people with multiple sclerosis (MS).
Keto diet Basis
The ketogenic diet is a very low carb, high fat diet that has a lot in common with the Atkins and low carb diets.
This involves drastically lowering carbohydrate eating and replacing it with fat. This lowering in amounts of carbohydrates gets your body in a metabolic condition which is called ketosis.
When the ketosis is occured, the body becomes very much efficient at burning of fat for energy. It converts the fat into ketones in the liver. This process will provide energy for the brain to functioning properly.
Ketogenic diets may significantly lower the blood sugar levels and insulin levels. It has some other health benefits like increased ketones.
It will be presented at the 74th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Neurology, held privately in Seattle from April 2 to 7, 2022 and, in fact, from April 24 to 26, 2022, according to a preliminary survey published March 1, 2022. Preliminary studies have also shown that people with MS may experience less fatigue and depression and may improve their quality of life while on a diet.
Research author said “A keto diet that is high in fat, high in protein and low in carbohydrates, which allows the body to use fat as a primary source of energy instead of sugar, thus mimicking fasting,” said Nicholas Brenton, MD, of the University of Virginia in Charlottesville and the American Academy of Sciences. Member of Neurology.
“A keto diet may helps in patients with type II diabetes to minimize blood sugar levels and may improve the seizure control in the patients with epilepsy. However, this research has not been well examined in patients with Multiple Sclerosis .Dietary changes may be a cheaper way to improve overall health, so our study Research has shown that eating a keto diet is safe, tolerable and beneficial for people living with MS. “
The study enrolled 65 people with relapsing-remitting MS. Relapsing-remitting MS is the most common type of disease, characterized by symptomatic flare-ups and then remission periods.
Study participants ate a keto diet for six months. They were instructed to eat two to three ketogenic foods each day that contain low carbohydrate protein such as eggs, fish or meat as well as two to four tablespoons of fat such as butter, oil, avocado, ghee or heavy cream. And one to two cups of non-starchy vegetables such as cucumber, spinach or cauliflower. Snacks were also allowed as long as participants followed a 20g maximum daily carbohydrate allowance.
Diet was monitored through daily urine tests to measure ketones, a metabolism produced by the body when fat is burned. About 83% of the volunteers participants are sticked to the diet for the entire research study period.
Participants completed tests and surveys before starting the diet and again measured disability and quality of life while on the diet for three and six months.
The researchers found that after six months, participants did not have lower body fat, nor did their fatigue and depression scores decrease.
In the quality of life survey, participants were asked the question, “Have you had a lot of energy in recent weeks?” “Are you tired?” “Were you a happy person?” And “Do you feel frustrated and blue?” The survey provides a score for physical and mental health that can range from zero to 100, with higher scores representing better physical and mental health.
The average physical health score of the participants at the beginning of the study was 67 compared to the average score of 79 at the end. The volunteers Participants had an about mental health score of 71 at the beginning of the study and finish the study getting an average score of 82.
The health Scores of the volunteers have also improved on a common Multiple Sclerosis disease progression test. On a scale of zero to 10, a score that represents a disability, two representing a minimum disability and three, a moderate disability but still able to walk, participants’ average score at the beginning of the study was 2.3 compared to 1.9 at the end. In the six-minute walking test, participants walked an average of 1,631 feet at the beginning of the study, where they eventually walked 1,733 feet.
It shows avocados, eggs and tomatoes
The researchers found that after six months, participants did not have lower body fat, nor did their fatigue and depression scores decrease. The image is in the public domain
The researchers also took blood samples and found that participants had improved levels of inflammatory markers in their blood.
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“Our study found evidence that a keto diet may actually be safe and beneficial, if used within six months it reduces some of the symptoms for people with MS,” Brenton said.
“However, more research is needed because there are potential risks associated with ketogenic diets, such as kidney stones, digestive problems and malnutrition. It is important that people with MS consult their doctor before making any major changes to their diet and that they should be monitored regularly by a physician and a registered dietitian while on a keto diet. ”
One limitation of the study was the lack of a control group of people with MS who took their regular, non-keto diets.