English of duhat fruit is Java plum

Know What is duhat | Amazing health Benefits for Diabetes T-2 & Heart

English of duhat fruit is Java plum. Duhat is a miracle fruit for patients with type 2 diabetes. At first we know What is duhat .

Scientific taxonomy

Class: Myrtleless

Family: Myrtasia

Mass: Cesium

Species: S. Cummins

Scientific Name : Syzygium cumini

English of duhat fruit
English of duhat fruit is Java plum

What is duhat ?


Eugenia cumini (L.) Druce

Eugenia jambolana Lam.

Syzygium jambolanum DC.

Mature seeds of ripe duhat.

What is duhat fruit ?

English of duhat fruit is Java plum, Jambul, Malabar plum), scientific name Syzygium cumini, a fruit belonging to the Myrtaceae family. Duhat is known by different names in different countries, such as Jambul, Jambul, Jambu, Jambula, Java Plum, Jamun, Kalojam, Jamblang, Jambolan, Kalo Plum, Damson Plum, Jambolan Plum, Portuguese Plum etc. It is called Neredu Pandu in Telugu, Naval Pazham in Malayalam, Nava Pazham in Tamil and Nerale Hannu in Kannada. In the Philippines it is called Duhat.

Is duhat good for diabetes ?

English of duhat fruit is Java plum

Yes , Duhat is a miracle fruit for patients with type 2 diabetes.

The reason is here

If you have diabetes, it has all the qualities you need. Here’s what this amazing fruit can do for you.

In every season nature nourishes us with its blessed fruits, and in the rainy season Duhat is one of them. We are sure you will remember those childhood days when your tongue used to turn purple. But did you know that duhat has many health benefits? In fact, if you or someone in your family has type 2 diabetes then jam may be the right fruit for you.

Duhat, A wonderful fruit for patients with type-2 diabetes

This is a tried and tested product for patients with type 2 diabetes. According to a study published in the Journal of Food Science and Technology, duhat has antidiabetic and antioxidant efficacy.

Duhat help to slow down the process of converting starch into sugar. It is less likely to cause a sudden rise in blood sugar levels if the starch is metabolized in your diet.


It looks 1 to 2.5 cm long, almost rectangular. Trees can grow up to 14 to 60 feet tall or more. The leaves are simple, large, the skin is thick and shiny. The trees are evergreen. Its ornamental quality is quite good due to its glossy leaves and evergreen.

The berry tree flowers in March-April. Duhats are small and fragrant. Fruits grow in May-June. The fruit is oblong and ovate. Initially it is green which later turns pink and when ripe it turns black or dark purple. Playing it makes the tongue purple.


It has spread all over the world from India and is now quite common in the former British colonies. There are mainly two varieties of berries available in Bangladesh. The breeds are small – very small breeds and buffaloes – quite large and sweet. It is available in the rainy season. The flesh of the fruit is black and covered with a very smooth thin coating. Dark pink sour sweet shas just below the outer surface of the fruit.

Nutritious and chemical ingredients

Nutritious per 100 grams (3.5 ounces)

Energy 251 kJ (60 kcal)

Sugar – 15.56 g

Lubricant – 0.23 g

Protein -0.62 g

Vitamin content

Vitamin A-3 IU

Thiamine (B1) 1% -0.006 mg

Riboflavin (B2) 1% -0.012 mg

Niacin (B3) 2% -0.260 mg

Acid (B5) 3% -0.170 mg

Vitamin B6-3% -0.036 mg

Vitamin C 16% -14.3 mg

Mineral quantity

Calcium 2% -19 mg

Iron 1% -0.19 mg

Magnesium 4% -15 mg

Phosphorus 2% -16 mg

Potassium 2% -69 mg

Sodium 1% -14 mg

The amount of other ingredients

Water-63.13 g

Percentage has been estimated using the US recommendation for adults.

Source: US Food Data Central

Duhat leaf material is given in the table below.

Compound Percentage






Phosphorus -0.19


The main use of duhat is as food. This sweet and sour fruit is quite popular. There are some uses for Kabiraji or Hekimi treatment; Those are being used in Bangladesh, India, Indonesia and China to control various diseases. Berry seeds are used in Ayurvedic treatment of various diseases, such as diabetes. It is also used in Greek and Chinese medicine. Berry seeds, bark and leaves are used in diseases like digestive problems, high blood pressure, gingivitis etc. Wine and vinegar can be made from berries. Duhats are high in vitamins A and C.

Cesium gumini (Black Plum) is a very popular summer fruit in Bangladesh. Although there is much controversy over its English name: somewhere it is called java Plum, it is a mistranslation and misname of this tropical fruit. Because the black berry is a completely different fruit from Duhat from a completely unrelated family.

Somewhere it is called black plum. However, it is basically known as Jambul, Jambolan, Jambalang or Duhat. However, in our country, Duhat is known as ‘jam’ in Bengali. It is from the evergreen tropical plant.

Unclean fruits appear hard green, turning completely black when ripe. And between these two colors there is a reddish magenta, while this fruit is in their middle age. This means that half ripe fruit reddish magenta can be seen. Duhat is usually available in our market from early June to mid-July. It is rich in various nutrients and also beneficial for health.

It is very easy to take because like other fruits it does not need to be peeled before eating. Its sweet juicy taste is a favorite of people of all ages. In addition to many other benefits, this sweet tropical fruit is very beneficial for the health of our hair and skin.

Here are some health benefits of Duhat:

Reduces the risk of diabetes: Duhat has traditionally been used in the treatment of diabetes. Its low gamma glycemic index is good for diabetes, which has been scientifically proven. Various analyzes have found that it helps to reduce blood sugar levels by up to 30%.

Boosts immunity: It contains a lot of nutrients like Calcium, Iron, Potassium and Vitamin C. So it works incredibly well to boost immunity. Its calcium helps to strengthen the bones of the body and repairs various internal damage of vital organs of our body, such as: Kidney and Heart.

Reduces the risk of heart disease: Cesium gumini contains algae acid or alginate, anthocyanins and anthocyanidins, which are anti-inflammatory to keep the heart healthy. These ingredients act as powerful antioxidants, preventing the formation of cholesterol in our blood vessels and thus preventing plaque formation due to heart disease. It also helps prevent high blood pressure, as it contains a lot of potassium. Each 100 grams of cesium contains 55 grams of potassium.

Helps fight infections: The bark, leaves and seeds of Duhat have long been used to treat bacterial infections. Malic acid, gallic acid, oxalic acid and tannin are also found in this plant. That is why this plant and its fruits act as anti-malarial, anti-bacterial and anti-gastro protective.

Improves digestion: In Ayurvedic medicine, Duhat leaves are used to treat diarrhea and ulcers. It is also used to make medicines for oral health problems. It eliminates bad breath, strengthens gums and teeth, and helps prevent toothache. Duhat contains plenty of water and fiber, which helps keep us hydrated and our skin healthy.