Health Problems after COVID-19

Most people infected with coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) recover within a few weeks. However, some people - even those who had a milder version of the disease - may have symptoms that last longer. 

These ongoing health problems are sometimes referred to as post-COVID-19 syndrome, post-COVID status, chronic COVID-19, long-distance COVID-19, and acute reactions following SARS COV-2 infection .


The post-COVID-19 sign and syndrome and how common is it?

Post-COVID-19 syndrome involves a variety of new, recurrent or ongoing symptoms that people experience for more than four weeks after receiving COVID-19. In some patients with covid 19 sign and  syndrome lasts for months or years or may causes disability.

Research suggests that within one month to one year of having COVID-19, 1 in 5 people aged 18 to 64 have at least one medical condition that could be caused by COVID-19. Among people 65 years of age or older, 1 in 4 has at least one medical condition that can be caused by COVID-19.

The sign and symptoms of post-COVID-19 syndrome

The most commonly reported symptoms of post-COVID-19 syndrome include:

  • Fatigue
  • Symptoms that worsen after physical or mental effort
  • Fever
  • Lung (breathing) symptoms including shortness of breath or shortness of breath and cough

Other possible symptoms include:

Nervous symptoms or mental health conditions, including difficulty thinking or concentrating, headaches, sleep problems, dizziness while standing, sensation of pins and needles, loss of smell or taste, and depression or may grow anxiety.

  • Joint or muscle pain
  • Symptoms or conditions of the heart, including chest pain and rapid or rapid heartbeat
  • Symptoms of indigestion, including diarrhea and abdominal pain
  • Blood clots and vascular problems, including blood clots that travel from the deep veins of the legs to the lungs and obstruct blood flow to the lungs (pulmonary embolism)
  • Other symptoms, such as rash and changes in the menstrual cycle

Keep in mind that it is difficult to tell if you have symptoms due to COVID-19 or any other cause, such as a pre-existing medical condition.

It is also unclear whether the post-COVID-19 syndrome is new and unique to COVID-19. Some of the symptoms are similar to those caused by chronic fatigue syndrome and other chronic illnesses that develop after infection. Chronic fatigue syndrome involves extreme fatigue that worsens with physical or mental activity, but does not improve with rest.

COVID-19 cause ongoing serious health problems?

Organ damage can play a role. Seriously ill people with COVID-19 may experience organ damage affecting the heart, kidneys, skin, and brain. Inflammation and problems with the immune system can also occur. It is not clear how long these effects can last. The effects can also lead to the development of new conditions, such as diabetes or a condition of the heart or nervous system.

The experience of having severe COVID-19 may be another reason. People with severe symptoms of COVID-19 often have to be treated in the hospital's intensive care unit. This can lead to extreme weakness and post-traumatic stress disorder, a mental health condition caused by a traumatic event.

The risk factors for post-COVID-19's sign and syndrome?

You may be more likely to have COVID-19 syndrome if:

You had a serious illness with COVID-19, especially if you were hospitalized or needed intensive care.

You had certain medical conditions before you became infected with the COVID-19 virus.

There was a condition that affected your organs and tissues (multisystem inflammatory syndrome) when you were sick with Covid-19 or later.

Post-COVID-19 syndrome is more common in adults than in children and adolescents. However, anyone infected with COVID-19 may have long-term effects, including no symptoms or mild illness with COVID-19.

What should you do if you have symptoms of Post-Covid-19 Syndrome?

If you have symptoms of Post-COVID-19 Syndrome, talk to your healthcare provider. To prepare for your appointment, type:

  • When your symptoms start
  • What makes your symptoms worse
  • How often do you experience symptoms?
  • How your symptoms affect your activity

Your healthcare provider may perform lab tests, such as a complete blood count or liver function test. You may have other tests or procedures based on your symptoms, such as a chest x-ray. The information you provide and the results of any tests will help your healthcare provider come up with a treatment plan.

In addition, you can benefit by connecting with others in a support group and sharing resources.

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Md Kamrul Hasan

Pharmacist (M. Pharm)

Ordinary People Are Suffering From Many Diseases Due To Lack Of Knowledge And Awareness. As A Pharmacist, I Have A Great Responsibility To Make The General Public Aware Of General Health Tips And Knowledge.